Lot# : 36 Local Stamps
12L2, Fresno, CA, Bicycle Mail Route, 1894 25c Green, Spelling error corrected, well margined single tied along with 1890 2c Carmine (220, natural straight-edge) by Fresno Jul 15 1894 cds on yellow cover to Fresno, backstamped with Jul 15 1894 purple "Victor Bicycle Messenger Service" Fresno office datestamp with bicycle illustration, reduced slightly at left, Very Fine, (Scott $2,000)
In July of 1894 a nationwide rail strike against the Pullman Co. involving 250,000 union members severed mail communication between San Francisco and its neighbors to the east. That was until an "enterprising citizen" of Fresno, Arthur C Banta, the local agent for the Victor Bicycle Co, organized a team of 8 bike messengers to ride in stages, to do what the rail cars wouldn»t, and deliver mail. The cost was a $0.25 stamp. Approximately 380 letters were delivered before the post disbanded on July 18, 1894 after Federal troops broke the strike.
Banta intended that his friends in Fresno would have the opportunity to acquire bicycle post covers as souvenirs. He prepared and mailed a quantity of these souvenirs, all of which were posted in the Fresno Post Office on three days - July 10 at 4:30PM, July 12 at 8:30PM and July 15 at 4:30PM (as this cover is postmarked).Start Price : 750.00 USDCurrent Opening : 850.00 USDHammer price : 1,000.00 USD
Lot# : 37 Local Stamps
29L1, Cincinnati, OH, Browne & Co.'s City Post Office, 1852 1c Black, single tied at upper right corner of brown envelope by strike of "City Post" with star circular handstamp with a similar "City Post/ A.J.M. Browne" circular handstamp at lower left, 3c Brownich carmine (11A) tied in upper left corner by lightly struck blue Cincinnati cds, addressed to New Marrion, Ind., stamps margins to cutting, cover with some edge faults and open three sides, Fine and scarce use as Lyons records just 33 1c Browne & Co covers, this being cover no 7; signed on back by Robson Lowe, 2020 Philatelic Foundation certificate (Scott $2,750)
Illustrated in "The Penny Post", Vol 12, No 3, page 19
Provenance; Robson Lowe Sale, March 1, 1973Start Price : 400.00 USDCurrent Opening : 400.00 USDHammer price : 725.00 USD
Lot# : 38 Local Stamps
29L2, Cincinnati, OH, Browne & Co.'s City Post Office, 1852 2c Black, top margin single tied on an undated folded letter sheet addressed to Philadelphia, tied by a non-contemporary purple cancel (described as a "15" in March 1973 Robson Lowe sale), , adjacent bold Cincinnati O. Jul 5 "5" integral rate cds in blue, small ms "Paid" at lower left, stamp margins to cutting and with corner crease at lower right (not mentioned in cert), Fine appearance, a scarce genuine use; the Lyons census records only 15 2c Browne & Co frankings and just six with the integral "5" date stamp, this being cover no 2; signed Sloane "genuine and in my opinion used on this cover" and 2020 Philatelic Foundation certificate (Scott $5,750 for single tied by handstamp)
Provenance: Frank HollowbushStart Price : 500.00 USDCurrent Opening : 500.00 USDHammer price : 500.00 USD
Lot# : 39 Local Stamps40L4, New York, NY, City Despatch Post 1847(?) 2c Black on green glazed, single cancelled by red framed "Free" handstamp with an additional strike alongside on 1850 folded letter locally addressed to "Hon Wm Wright 129 Maiden Lane", red "City Despatch NY Apr 20" (1850) cds, stamp clear to wide margins and some vertical creases as often, cover central vertical fold, Fine use, only about 12-15 covers franked with this issue known; signed Sloane "original and used on this cover" and ms comment on front of the letter "Very late, near end of Post's existence", 2020 Philatelic Foundation certificate (Scott $600 for single not tied on cover)Start Price : 200.00 USDCurrent Opening : 200.00 USDHammer price : 275.00 USD
Lot# : 40 Local Stamps
47L1, City One Cent Dispatch, Baltimore, Maryland, stamp with enormous margin at right, portion of adjacent stamp at top, just in at left, tied by red "10" with matching red "Steam" alongside, June 4 Baltimore, Maryland cds (1851 year from docketing), addressed to New York City, contents datelined June 3, 1851 in Norfolk, Virginia, vertical file fold well away from stamp, Very Fine, unique on- or off-cover, one of the most enigmatic and mysterious of all local adhesives issued in the history of this nation, being offered publicly for the first time in over six decades (listed in Scott but not priced)
The most thorough discussion of this cover comes in the form of Denwood N. Kelly, Jr.'s series of articles in the Collectors Club Philatelist on the "Private Posts in Baltimore 1844-1860 (March-December, 1971). It was Mr. Kelly's belief that "there is a good possibility that the stamp was issued by a private post operating in Norfolk and that it was used, typically, to transport the letter to the bay steamer which then carried it up the Chesapeake Bay to Baltimore, at which point the letter entered the U.S. Mail and went on to New York by train." However, by his own admission, a thorough search of Norfolk newspapers did not turn up advertisements for any such service. In lieu of any contemporaneous evidence one way or the other, we must agree with Mr. Kelly's assessment that the "odds are at least even that this was a Norfolk local stamp." At the very least, this cover is a tantalizing reminder of the local posts which undoubtedly existed but left behind no physical traces.
Provenance: Count Philipp von Ferrary (Gilbert Sale 10, 1924)
Henry C. Needham (Private transaction)
Alfred H. Caspary (H.R. Harmer Sale 1069, 1957)Start Price : 5,000.00 USDCurrent Opening : 5,000.00 USDHammer price : 22,000.00 USD
Lot# : 41 Local Stamps
62L4, 1855 New York, NY, East River Post Office, (1c) Black on green glazed, single just tied along with 1856 3c Rose (26) by New York Aug 27 duplex on envelope with full color flag and all-over ad for "Munn & Co./ Scientific American/ Patent Agency/ 37 Park Row NY" printed address, addressed to Mifflin, Ohio, stamp clear to full margins and a small repair upper right corner, envelope opened and slightly reduced at left (incl slightly clipped lower left corner) plus bit of edge wrinkling, still Fine and attractive; examples of these issues canceled by the government postmark are extremely rare (Scott $800)
This local post was established by Jacob D. Clark and Henry Wilson in 1850 then sold to Jacob Adler in 1852 and run by him until 1865. The stamp, depicting a sidewheel sailing vessel, is one of the more distinctive designs seen in the local issues.
Provenance: Edward S KnappStart Price : 300.00 USDCurrent Opening : 425.00 USDHammer price : 5,000.00 USD
Lot# : 42 Local Stamps
69L6, Cincinnati, OH, Frazer & Co., 1848 2c Black on rose, uncancelled single on folded letter datelined "Cincinnati Oct 18th (18)48" and addressed to Batavia, Ohio, light strike of red Cincinnati cds (inverted Oct 20) with integral "5cts", stamp margins to just cutting and with corner clipped lower right and some tone spots at left side, a Fine and rare use being one of just five covers known using Frazer's stamps during the period when Hiram Frazer was employed as a government letter carrier; also one of just two known on rose paper; 2020 Philatelic Foundation certificate (Scott $6,500 for stamp not tied, with certificate)
Robert Meyersburg, in his articles in "The Chronicle" (August, 1987) and "Penny Post" (August 1992) makes the argument, originally put forward by Elliot Perry, that since Hiram Frazer was a duly appointed US letter carrier, that any Frazer cover postmarked between Feb. 3, 1848, to Jun. 5, 1849 is a semi-official carrier item, not a local-post use.
Provenance: Alfred H Caspary
Josiah K LillyStart Price : 2,500.00 USDCurrent Opening : 2,500.00 USDHammer price : 2,500.00 USD
Lot# : 43 Local Stamps
71L3, Glen Haven, NY, Glen Haven Daily Mail, 1854 1c Black on green, well margined single tied on 3c Red Nesbitt entire by nice strike of Scott NY Jul 3 cds, addressed to "Whitestone L.I." (Long Island, NY), envelope slightly reduced at left, some mounting remains and a small label affixed on back side, Very Fine and attractive, quite scarce with the local tied to the cover
This local post was begun in 1850 by the Glen Haven Sanitarium proprietors to carry mail from the local sanitariums and health facilities to the post offices in Scott, Homer and Tully New York.
Provenance: Stephen BrownStart Price : 500.00 USDCurrent Opening : 500.00 USDHammer price : 850.00 USD
Lot# : 44 Local Stamps
96L1, Letter Express (Wells), 1844 5c Black on pink, with Pomeroy's Letter Express 5c Black (117L4) on 1844 folded letter sheet addressed to NY City, Wells corner margin single with ms "X" cancel (not tied), Pomeroy's precancelled and with an ms "X" in black, penciled "2" (local delivery charge), back side with "Recd Nov 19/ 44" docketing, cover with some vertical file folds "tying" each stamp indicating they were applied prior to folding (Wells through margin, Pomeroy's through center of stamp), a Fine and rare combination use probably originating west of Buffalo NY; 2020 Philatelic Foundation certificate
Wells & Company's Letter Express was formed in July 1844 to provide letter-carrying service between Buffalo N.Y. and points west including the Great Lakes region using steamboats (particularly those without a Post office contract) and the Michigan Central Rail line. Advertisements for westbound service from Buffalo, where it connected with Pomeroy's Letter Express, appeared in July 1844. This cover shows a typical Wells/ Pomeroy's collaborative effort to deliver mail from west to east.Start Price : 1,000.00 USDCurrent Opening : 1,000.00 USDHammer price : 4,000.00 USD
Lot# : 45 Local Stamps
103L1, Baltimore, MD, Mearis' City Despatch Post, 1850 1c Black on gray, single (pos 10), ms "MWM" control, tied by pen cancel on folded letter (concerning delivery of a rifle) Quaker-dated "Baltimore 2nd Month 17th 1846" and addressed to Sandy Spring, Md., also tied by light blue Baltimore cds with accompanying oval-framed "5" (due) handstamp at right, stamp with an inconsequential faint crease at top right, cover trivial edge toning, Very Fine showpiece; only two covers are recorded with this franking, this being the unique example with the stamp tied to the cover; 1999 PF certificate
The Baltimore City Despatch, run by Malcolm W Mearis, began advertising its operation in January of 1846, Noted collector of Baltimore locals Denwood Kelly illustrated this cover and discussed the operation in his series of articles in the Collector's Club Philatelist, this cover being illustrated in Vol 50, No 3, page 151.
Provenance; CE Chapman
J William Middendorf
David GoldenStart Price : 10,000.00 USDCurrent Opening : 10,000.00 USDHammer price : 11,000.00 USD
Lot# : 46 Local Stamps112L1, Washington, DC, One Cent Despatch, 1856 1c Violet, with 1851 3c Dull red (11) on ladies envelope addressed to New London, Conn, cancelled and tied by a Washington DC Aug 2 1856 cds and "City Despatch Aug 2 10½ A.M. 1856" date stamp with another clear strike applied at left, each stamp margins to just cutting, Very Fine use from the King correspondence; backside signed "Genuine and used on this envelope/ Robson Lowe" (Scott $1,500)Start Price : 500.00 USDCurrent Opening : 500.00 USDHammer price : 900.00 USD
Lot# : 47 Local Stamps
121L6, Philadelphia, PA, Priest's Despatch, 1851 (2c) Black on yellow, uncancelled single (as usual or always) on folded letter datelined "Philada Oct 1/ 55" and addressed to NY City where docketing indicates arrival on Oct 2, accompanied by 3c Dull red (11A) tied by Philadelphia Pa Oct 1 cds, stamps margins to just cutting, Very Fine use; signed Robson Lowe; 2020 Philatelic Foundation certificate (Scott $4,500 for use with 11A)
The cover is listed in the Roth census (Penny Post, January 1994) as franked with 121L3, its proper identification as a 121L6 increases number of known covers to seven, five of which are dual frankings with the 1851 3c.
Provenance; Henry C Gibson
Robson Lowe Sale, March 1973
John H BokerStart Price : 1,500.00 USDCurrent Opening : 1,500.00 USDHammer price : 2,750.00 USD
Lot# : 48 Local Stamps
137L1, Philadelphia, PA, Teese & Co. Penny Post, 1852 (1c) Blue on bluish, single tied on locally addressed folded letter datelined "180 S 6th Phil Apr 26" by parallel bars cancel, stamp margins to cutting, letter light file fold not affecting stamp, Fine and rare use on city mail; back side with written notation by Elliot Perry "137L1stamp genuine...cancel (?) may be ok" also (in another hand) "stamp original E. Perry/ ..Pat Par. #32 July 1937 pp 916-17" (Scott $3,000)
In his October 1993 "Penny Post" article, Steve Roth gives some background into this obscure post and gives a census of the 12 known covers, this one not being among them. Perry and Roth both acknowledge that the post was probably run by Mitchell Teese who was an officially appointed letter carrier for the Philadelphia Post Office. If so, his operation would be designated as a semi-official or carrier rather than local post though Mr Roth believed he resigned his postal position prior to operating the "Penny Post" operation.Start Price : 250.00 USDCurrent Opening : 250.00 USDHammer price : 450.00 USD
Lot# : 49 Local Stamps
139L1, New York, NY, Third Avenue Post Office, 1855 2c Black on glazed green, single cut to oval shape (as always) tied on locally addressed ladies envelope by "Paid" handstamp with another strike on the left side, envelope some light edge soiling and minor aging along the bottom edge, enclosure a woman's calling card with the notation "Home again", Fine and rare intra-city use; these issues were normally uncancelled on cover and Scott does not price a tied example
Provenance: John H BokerStart Price : 750.00 USDCurrent Opening : 750.00 USDHammer price : 10,000.00 USD
Lot# : 50 Local Stamps
141L2, New York, NY, Union Square Post Office, 1852 1c Black on light apple green, single tied by a pencil squiggle on an envelope addressed to Charleston SC, accompanied by a 3c Dull red (11A) tied by New York Jan 2 cds, stamps margins to just cutting, Very Fine use; 2020 Philatelic Foundation certificate
This local post was founded by Charles K. Messenkope in late 1847 or early 1848 and went through changes of ownership until closing in 1856.Start Price : 300.00 USDCurrent Opening : 300.00 USDHammer price : 300.00 USD