New Mexico Postal History

Sale 3051 - Part V - United States Postal History
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  • Lot# : 3739 New Mexico Postal History

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    "Fort Union N Mex June 20th 1864" heading on a letter from a resident at the fort (William Payne) to his mother and sister in Harrisonville Mo, the envelope (upper right corner torn away) has portion of a manuscript "Ft. Union" postmark (?) and docketing indicates it was received July 13, long letter with some interesting comments concerning availabillty of a stage to Santa Fe to take mail, concerns for a friend's cattle drive, noting that a cousin in California "...is now a strong Lincoln man (but) voted for Douglas last Presidential election..", also another 1864 letter from the same person at the Fort to his sister dated Feb 29 in which he expresses happiness at his sister's return to health, interacting with some of the natives and mentioning a couple by name, rnWhen New Mexico became a US territory after the U.S.- Mexican War, the army established garrisons in towns scattered along the Rio Grande to protect the area's inhabitants and travel routes. This arrangement proved unsatisfactory for many reasons, and in April 1851, Lt. Col. Edwin V. Sumner, commanding Military Department No. 9 (which included New Mexico Territory), was ordered "to revise the whole system of defense" for the entire territory. Among his first acts was to break up the scattered garrisons and relocate them in posts closer to the Indians. He also moved his headquarters and supply depot from Santa Fe, "that sink of vice and extravagance," to a site near the Mountain and Cimarron branches of the Santa Fe Trail, where he established Fort Union. The Third Fort Union (1862 - 1891) was built in the traditional "territorial" style, and was constructed using native resources such as clay, stone, and lumber. The Post at Fort Union was made to accommodate four companies, both cavalry and infantry; and the Fort Union Quartermaster Depot was equipped to supply all other New Mexico forts. As the central supply hub for all New Mexico posts, the Fort Union depot was larger than the Post, and it employed more men, mostly civilians.
    Start Price : 75.00 USD
    Hammer price : 75.00 USD

    Lot# : 3740 New Mexico Postal History

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    "Fort Union N.M. September 17th 1865" dateline on a letter from Fort Union resident William Payne to his mother, general comments concerning life around the Fort including arrival of his father, consternation at not receiving any letters from home, also "...Last Friday a week ago I saw another many hung he had murdered two men and a boy...", also letters datelined Feb 5th to his father and Sept 3rd to his parents with both of the same general tenor regarding life in general at the Fort including a raging fever, "Brother George" being in charge of the mill at $75 per month, arrival of semi-monthly mail, etc., Fine content
    Start Price : 75.00 USD
    Hammer price : 75.00 USD

    Lot# : 3741 New Mexico Postal History

    1 / 1
    "Fort Union New Mexico April 1866" (year date inverted) on cover from the Payne correspondence addressed to Harrisonville, Mo, ms "Pd 3", accompanied by a second faulty envelope with a just legible "Fort Union Aug 1866" cancel with ms "Paid 3" and its original enclosure (some mending) dated Aug 13 1866 from William Payne to his sister which opens with "..I am in the office for my last day and I have not much to do...", and continues on about details in returning home, envelope a bit aged and with lower right corner partially removed during opening, still a Fine impression of this scarce postmark (ASCC $1,000)
    Start Price : 150.00 USD
    Hammer price : 150.00 USD
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